It condemns Moscow for the recent strike in the referendum on the “farce”, it blocks the future of Italy, the “hero” of the EU and alongside NATO. It is calling on the world to progress in the name of multilateralism, but it also calls on Europe to do more, starting at a price cap. Speaking at the United Nations General Assembly, at the suggestive New York headquarters of the United Nations, Mario Draghi defends the choices made so far in defense of Kiev – starting with sanctions – for a war in which “a single person will be responsible”: “help” Defense of Ukraine, says – was not only the right choice to take on. the beginning of the conflict. “
A few days after the policy vote, the former number one ECB seems to want to reassure his allies, but also send a message to Rome, remembering which side to be on. Or better to stay: “theItaly will continue to be the hero of European lifeclose to NATO allies – in fact closes his long speech – open to listening and dialogue, determined to contribute to international peace and security. These are the same principles and goals that inspire the United Nations that must be urgently defended today. “
At the heart of his late-night speech in Italy is the conflict in Ukraine that plunged Europe into a past she felt she no longer belonged to, strewn with “raids on theaters, schools, hospitals, violence and abuse against civilians and children”. The condemnation of Moscow’s latest provocation is on time: the announcement of a referendum on the annexation of the occupied territories. “So far – the prime minister’s words – Russia has not shown any desire to end the conflict: Independence referenda in Donbas are another violation of international law, which we strongly condemnDraghi quotes Mikhail Gorbachev and his words of cooperation at Unga in 1988, hoping that “there may be a future in which Russia will return to the principles it chose to sign in 1945. A world divided into blocks that intersect with rigid ideological boundaries and military contrasts do not generate development, they do not solve problems ”.
“Russia’s aggression towards Ukraine and the resulting food, energy and economic crises,” Draghi begins in the General Assembly Hall, threaten our common ideals, which has rarely happened since the end of the Cold War. There is no doubt for the Italian prime minister that the responsibility for the conflict is “clear and of only one side.” But it is our collective responsibility – he insists – to find answers to these problems urgently, with determination and efficiency. we divide between the North and South of the world. We must act together and rediscover the value of the multilateralism that is celebrated in this House. ‘
Draghi recalls that when it was time to take sides, “Italy acted without delay” with all partners “who, like us, believe in an international system based on rules and multilateralism. Together, we responded to President Zelensky’s demands, why – he notes, raising his voice – a military invasion planned for months and on several fronts does not end with words“And if today the outcome of the conflict that Moscow believed would be closed with a blitzkrieg in a few weeks,” remains unpredictable, “it is” also thanks to our military aid, “he says.
But one of the key points of his speech is the passage in which Draghi defends the outcome of the sanctions with his sword, despite those in Italy who cast a shadow over their effectiveness. “They had a destructive influence on the Russian war machine, on its economy. Russia is struggling to produce the weapons it needs on its own because it has a hard time getting the material it needs to produce it ”. And as an economist, as proof of his words, he cites the figures of the International Monetary Fund, which “expects the Russian economy to shrink this year and next by a total of around 10%, against the assumed growth of around 5% before the war. With Russia’s weaker economy, it will be more difficult to react to losses that accumulate on the battlefield ”.
“The unity of the European Union and its allies – emphasizes Draghi – has decided to provide Ukraine with the necessary support, imposing very heavy costs on Russia. Moscow immediately tried to divide our countries ” use gas as a blackmail weapon“Italy, says the prime minister, has done everything possible to cut the rope that bound it:” it has responded in good time to diversify its gas supply sources and to accelerate the development of renewable energy. “But to maintain” a united, firm position in line with our values is essential to maintaining social cohesion. ” Which means more Europe to Draghi.
“We must do more,” he insists, “especially at European level.” As Italy has argued for some time, l“The European Union must impose a cap on the price of gas imports”also to further reduce the funds we send to Russia. Europe must support the Member States while they support Kyiv. The European Union must also use the strength of its institutions to protect its neighbors from Russia’s claims. ”
Meanwhile, Rome remains at the side of Kiev, but also “on the front line to try to reach an agreement when it is possible”. Draghi is convinced of other “cooperation moments”, such as Ukrainian wheat exports, and looks at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant: “The access of a team of experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency is a step forward. necessary to achieve some form of demilitarization of the area. We cannot risk a nuclear catastrophe“, warns.
In his long speech, Draghi also goes back to stressing “need reform the UN Security Councilto be more representative, efficient and transparent. ” It focuses on the migration crisis, a “global phenomenon” that requires a “responsible, human, collaborative approach”, and also offers assistance in Rome, recalling the availability of Caput mundi as the host of Expo 2030.
Of course, he does not forget about the climate, a topic that is particularly close to him, with the weakest in mind. “We must continue to support the weakest countries in defending themselves against the effects of climate change and following transition paths,” he says. I am thinking, for example, of the tragedy of the floods in Pakistan, where a very large part of the country is flooded with water and millions of people are forced to leave their homes. The ecological crisis affects us all and we all need to get out of it. ‘
Always with the environment in mind, the Prime Minister left the UN headquarters in the morning to join the young people who came to New York for Youth4Climate: “I am fully aware of your expectations and your great hunger for change,” he told them, “Both are very welcome: we need to do better, faster. ” Then he stopped with a young school group from Treviso, and upon the teacher’s invitation to visit their high school, he replied with a smile and a joke: now I will have more free time …“.