The new waves of urban exodus that are taking Parisians to the provinces are causing socio-spatial divisions with already settled residents and highlighting a young migrant population, either in pairs or alone.
Separation, growing family, retirement or desire for a better quality of life: for many reasons, many Ile-de-France residents are settling in the provinces and creating significant differences in life with their new neighbors, Insee revealed on Thursday. In 2018, the reference year of the study, 101,000 Ile-de-France residents emigrated to the province (including DOM), the equivalent of a city like Boulogne-Billancourt (Hauts-de-Seine), stressed François Dubujet, head of demographic and social research in Insee Île-de-France during the press conference.
However, the Ile-de-France population continues to grow, she notes, due to the natural demographic balance. These migrant residents of Ile-de-France have, on average, 15% higher living standards than the provincial residents of the same age they face when settling, with significant disparities in the territory. In Lyon, the difference is 27%, Nantes 33%, Marseille 18% and Orléans 13%, noted Dubujet. And Ile-de-France residents over 60 – mostly retirees – migrating to the provinces have on average 28% higher living standards than their neighbors. Ile-de-France residents who leave their region already enjoy a higher standard of living than those who stay, with a median income of € 2,230 against € 2,050. When they settle in the provinces, this income drops to € 2,025, but remains much higher than the provincial income of € 1,755.
Lyon, the most popular city
The Ile-de-France people who leave their region of origin are mostly couples (47%), single people and people under 40 (45%). They were to live 30% at home and 46% after moving to the provinces. The living space of their residence is also increasing, from an average of 62m² to 80m². By comparison, the provincials are expected to live in the house at 62% and live on an average of 86m². The first city in France to attract Ile-de-France residents of all age groups is Lyon, followed by Toulouse, Nantes, Bordeaux and Marseille. Regarding the reference year of the study published on Thursday “2018 may seem old, but the data is structured“, Drew attention to the term François Dubujet, recognizing”that the health crisis may have had an impact on the mobility of the people of Ile-de-Francein terms of flow rate.